Friday, May 22, 2020
The media constantly sends out an influx of images and messages promoting an almost unattainable unrealistic image of beauty, that has consistently been linked to disordered eating and body dissatisfaction, predominantly among girls but can also be seen in boys. Throughout the years the ideal body shape has progressed from voluptuous and curvaceous an image Marilyn Monroe emulated to a slimmer and leaner frame in congruence with high fashion models such as Kate Moss (Katzmarzk Davis, 2001). Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia nervosa affect between 1% and 4% of young adult females (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Eating disorders have been linked to body shapes and images present in the media (Shorter, Brown, Quinton Hinton, 2008).Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In another study, Heinberg and Thompson (1995) showed ten-minute videotapes of commercials to female students at a college that glamorized thinness or contained non-appearance-related images. Women who viewed the videota pe that contained images that emphasized the importance of thinness in regards to beauty, were found to have higher levels of depression, anger, weight dissatisfaction, and overall appearance dissatisfaction. In fact women with high dispositional levels of internalization showed greater levels of dissatisfaction with their weight and overall appearance after watching the tape, in contrast to participants with low-internalization who showed a decrease in dissatisfaction with weight and appearance (Heingberg Thompson, 1995). Brief exposure to images promoting thinness as a prerequisite to beauty increases psychological distress and body image dissatisfaction, and as a result of these findings it is important to note that increased exposure may result in severe consequences (Heingberg Thompson, 1999, pp. 334). Internalization may help explain why some girls who have the idea that thinness and beauty are linked together engrained in their mind exhibit disordered eating behavior and higher levels of body dissatisfaction then other girls who hear the same message daily (Heingberg Show MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Media On Body Weight And Disordered Eating1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesattractive,Ã¢â¬ Media has a significant impact on body weight and disordered eating. This one time isolated syndrome of Ã¢â¬Å"eating disordersÃ¢â¬ is now emerging as a place of importance in our society. Rhetorical Purpose: 2 Ã¢â¬Å"One reason it is so important to understand how the rhetoric of popular media coverage of anorexia articles maintains women s marginalization is that The American Anorexia and Bulimia Association [AABA] (2001) estimates that five million U.S. women suffer from some form of eating disorderRead MoreAnalysis of Article: Ã¢â¬Å"Influence of Mass Media on Body Image and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors in FemalesÃ¢â¬ by Jordi Fauquet, et al.747 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMass media consists of a range of multimedia technologies that have enhanced our way of communication. The media conveys norms and attitudes that socially construct those who are involved. Inadvertently, the media depicts a widely accepted misconception of personal image. Ã¢â¬Å"Influence of Mass Media on Body Image and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors in FemalesÃ¢â¬ reveals the high correlation between media content and femalesÃ¢â¬â¢ idea of beauty. Although the article does not specify on their intendedRead MoreEffects Of Anorexia On Eating Disorders937 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Binge eating is characterized by uncontrollable overeating in which people devour huge amounts of food while feeling ungovernable and incapable to stop. (HelpGuide 1) People with binge eating disorder don t have episodes of recovery like bulimia, As a result, those who suffer under the wrath of this eating disorder put on weight very quickly and are always trying to make themselves feel better about their weight. Binge eating is a coping mechanism, whereas bulimia is a compulsion where one divulgesRead MoreWhy Do Teens Suffer From Eating Disorders1596 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages October 20, 2015 Why Do Teens Suffer from Eating Disorders: Annotated Bib It is no new discovery that teenagers in America tend to have a conflict with eating disorders. This problematic issue tend to affect many young teens just as the people that surround them, those who care for them. People might stop to think why teens struggle so much with eating disorders or how can this issue be wiped out. The thing is people need to be well aware of eating disorders and there definition and try to findRead MoreSociocultural Factors that Lead to Eating Disorders in Young Women1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSociocultural Factors that Lead to Eating Disorders in Young Women According to the DSM-5, anorexia nervosa is characterized by Ã¢â¬Å"distorted body image and excessive dieting that leads to severe weight loss with a pathological fear of becoming fatÃ¢â¬ while bulimia nervosa is characterized by Ã¢â¬Å"frequent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate behaviors such as self-induced vomiting to avoid weight gainÃ¢â¬ (DSM-5, American Psychiatric Association, 2013). These two disorders most often affectRead MoreSports Media And Body Image1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMini-Paper Article 1: Sports Media and Body Image Tia DeHaan The article Must See TV or ESPN: Entertainment and Sports Media Exposure and Body-Image Distortion in College Women by Kimberly L. Bissell and Peiqin Zhou examines how media promotes an idealization of thinness in college-age women. The study by Bissell and Zhou takes place at a southern college university in the United States, and compares and contrasts the entertainment industry and sports media on disordered eating and body dissatisfactionRead MoreInfluence of American Mass Media Ideals on Body Image and Eating Disorders in the U.S1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMass media have an enormous impact on society and how people act, especially in developed countries. How do mass media influence views of body image and the development of eating disorders? People living in countries influenced by Western culture show concern for their appearance or dietary habits daily. This paper will analyze the effect of mass media on the issues of body image and eating disorders in the United States. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TRRead MoreEating Disorders: Physical and Psychological Damages Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Disordered Eating825 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEating Disorders: Physical and Psychological Damages Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and disordered eating. Thats all we see in the bathroom stalls on the seventh floor in Hayes Ãâ" Healy. What exactly are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and disordered eating? Anorexia, bulimia, and disordered eating are habits that become an eating disorder. There are two sides to understanding the problems of eating disorders. One side is the emotional or psychological side that is affected by eating disordersRead MoreEssay855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1995 compared to the sample in 1998. The results also show the significant increase in number of girls scoring more than 20 on the EAT 26 questionnaires; with 8 girls scoring above 20 in 1995, increasing to 19 girls in 1998. Thes e results show that media and westernized television, are having a huge impact on the way we see ourselves and kick start the self-improvement we unnecessarily need and start to take too far. A strength of this study is that the qualitative data collected in the conventionalRead MoreThe Unique And Additive Associations Of Family Functioning And Parenting Practices With Disordered Eating Behaviors Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The title of the article is The Unique and Additive Associations of Family Functioning and Parenting Practices with Disordered Eating Behaviors in Diverse Adolescents. This article was written by Jerica M. Berge with the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at the University of Minnesota Medical Schools in Minneapolis; Melanie Wall with the Department of Biostatistics at Columbia University in New York, NY, as well as the Division of Biostatics of the Department of Psychology and the
Saturday, May 9, 2020
There is nothing new under the sun. This could be considered to be the unofficial credo of the Postmodern movement, and it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be an inaccurate statement to make. There are few universal themes; the pursuit of love, the satisfaction found in hard work, the youthful struggle against the status quo, the hatred of oppression and control being among those most often quoted, and there are only so many ways to package and repackage these messages in a fashion readymade for public consumption. Pop culture is like a melting pot for these ideas. It is a cultural stew brimming with themes and Grand Narratives. And yet the Postmodernists scorn the idea that there can be new themes discovered, and new modes of presenting those themes in aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Understandably, this could be construed as laziness on the part of the artists. In David HarveyÃ¢â¬â¢s writings on Postmodernity, he discusses the chaos and superficiality that has accompanied our modern condition. Mo dernism had a certain idealism accompanying it, and Postmodernists, Harvey argues, have attempted to co-opt that idealism while at the same time diminishing the accomplishments of Modernism. Ã¢â¬Å"As even Jencks admits, Postmodernists have taken over all the achievements of the Modernists in architectural design, although they have certainly altered aesthetics and appearances in at least superficial waysÃ¢â¬ (Harvey, 179). This of course is the exact same practice that modern musicians are engaging in, claiming the musical achievements of those that came before and dressing them up in a new aesthetically appealing way. Harvey goes on to make the argument that this co-optation is occurring because of essentially a lack of imagination, or desire, in the Postmodernists in creating new Grand Narratives. It seems more sensible to me to see the latter [Postmodernism] as a particular kind of crisis in the former [Modernism], one that emphasizes the fragmentary, the ephemeral, and the chaotic side of BaudelaireÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedProviding For Homeland Security During The United States1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages sensor deployment, and intervention. Sensor deployment is the least addressed of these three areas due to several issues inherent to the marine space. Platforms for sensor deployment must be able to persist at sea for varying periods of time and cover wide swaths of water with minimal power. Additionally, they must convey the data they collect back to shore without the advantage of land-based networks. Finally, varied cost constraints restrict the use of many of these platforms. Various platformsRead MoreObservation of Cabinet Meeting for a Craft Show Essay916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesObservation of Cabinet Meeting for a Craft Show I went to observe a meeting of an organization. This is an organization of select craftsmen who try and get there handcrafted wares to the public. The purpose of the meeting is to plan and organize craft shows and how they are going to get the people to come to the shows. The main topics of the meeting was craft shows and different items the members were going to try and sell to the public. The organization meets once a monthRead MoreEssay On Mats765 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDecorate your home on the cheap with these easy ideas for refinishing old items once destined for the trash and simple craft projects that require only a few inexpensive supplies. Plus, weÃ¢â¬â¢ve made your DIY coin bank even easier by creating the perfect label! Tray Chiccabinet-tray Old cabinet door destined for the landfill? DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be so closed-minded! With paint and a pair of drawer pulls, a salvaged cabinet door makes a great tray for entertaining. Fill any holes in the board with wood filler fromRead MoreProject Charter Essay1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe product create a safe haven for those children with working parents or those who need care for any reason throughout the summer months but it also inspires creativity and engages the imagination while keeping the brain active through arts and crafts and reading. Objectives What objectives, if any, of the company is this project designed to meet? The objective is to become more involved within the community, while using community funded businesses, such as the local library and localRead MoreAristotle s View On How Virtuous Action Differs From That Of Craft1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexamine AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s view on how virtuous action differs from that of craft (techne) action due to its issuing from a firm and unchanging disposition, as well as provide AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s reasoning as to why this is the case. In order to understand the differences between these two types of actions, one must first understand the similarities that both virtuous action and craft action share. Once the common traits of both virtuous and craft action have been examined, it will be possible to gain a better understandingRead MoreMarine Amphibious Warfare During World War II1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof your choice during World War II represent a continuum of development from either an earlier war or represent a radical departure from the same? From the shores of Tripoli to beaches of Kuwait the innovation and design of the amphibious landing craft(LCPL) has crossed many thresholds occupied by enemies that deemed it formidable by any attempt to utilize as an entry point of invading forces. However, Americans have never taken the road most traveled in means of warfare. America has been seen asRead MoreThe United States Government Covers Up Files And Reports1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages There s something in the sky! This Paper will prove that the United States Government covers up files and reports; and most of the files, and evidence are locked away at area 5e1. For decades area 51 and cover up stories have captured the eye of people, TV, and the internet. The government has covered up numerous accounts, stories, and reports. People often ask many questions about Area 51 such as, where is it, what is it, what is kept there, how big is it, and many more questions of that natureRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Bedford Boys 1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswould face alone... they would be on separate landing craft in the first wave of the Omaha assault. With various backgrounds, and personal experience they all brought an interesting perspective to the company. Ray Nance was one of the officers in the company, he was a soft-spoken man, but with I high intelligence he was proud to be an officer in the National Guard. At 28 years old he Remembers minutes before the boys getting on the landing craft. He went by and softly touched all of the 34 on theRead MoreCraft vs Profession Essay760 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespolice officers holding a degree and that is whether the law enforcement career is a profession or craft. Although, the classification of police work as a craft, trade, or a profession was the subject of intense controversy, there appeared to be little doubt that the trend toward professionalization was exerting a powerful impact on the field of law enforcement. Many officers argue that policing is a craft that you must have passion for and academies are irrelevant to learning police work. In orderRead MoreSalem Witch Trials : A Part Of History1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescolonist were mostly made up of Puritans. Puritans were lead on the firm foundation that the Bible was, is and still the only word. This lead to the belief that this was the only way to convict, judge and execute those of a satanic faith, such as witch craft. The Salem Witch Trials were mostly conducted between the months of February 1692 through the middle of May 1693. By the end of this period over 200 men, women and children were accused of being witches. These accusations were brought on by a group
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Running head: Nonprofits and SOX Heather Tanenbaum Student ID: 3750548620 Accounting Capstone: Senior Seminar in Accounting ACC499 004016 Summer 2009 Nonprofits and the Sarbanes Oxley Act Submitted: Submitted to: Tee M. Thein Table of Contents Abstract Introduction SOX regulations for nonprofits Reasons for nonprofits to adopt SOX Conclusion Research file memorandum Communication memorandum References Abstract Introduction The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) of 2002 (U. S. We will write a custom essay sample on Sox Research Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now House of Representatives 2002) was passed by congress as a result of a wave of accounting scandals and related financial irregularities in corporations such as Enron, WorldCom and Tyco. SOX is called the most significant securities legislation since 1933 and 1934 securities ACT. The Act attempted to make ethics more black and white rather than a gray area. The increased guidelines have changed businesses and business relationships. These new requirements have placed greater demands on directors, audit committees, auditors and management. Most, of these provisions where only made towards publicly held companies, similar regulations targeted nonprofit organizations (Panel on the Nonprofit Sector 2005). Two hundred and fifteen nonprofit organizations have voluntarily adopted provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX). Many, nonprofits are currently in the process of adopting SOX. The Panel on the Nonprofit Sector (2005), in its final report to Congress in June 2005, recommends more than 120 actions to be taken by charitable organizations, Congress and the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) to strength nonprofits against, transparency, governance and accountability. The most significant provision of the Act is the requirements in Section 404 the reporting on the effectiveness of internal controls over the financial reporting. PCAOB auditing standard 2 requires that the audit of internal control be integrated with the audit of the financial statements. The PCAOB requirements also only apply to public and private for profit companies, these would be new requirements for nonprofits wishing to adopt to SOX. The requirements of SOX section 404 requirements on internal controls have proven to be quite expensive for public companies (DÃ¢â¬â¢Aquila 2004; Pomeroy 2006), further research in to the current state of governance in the nonprofit sector would be beneficial before similar measures are mandated. Nonprofits have several reasons they might be compelled to adopt SOX provisions. First, several states are likely to emulate provisions similar to those of SOX. Some of these new laws incorporate elements of SOX including: expanding whistleblower protection, requiring officers of the organization to sign the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s annual report, appointing an audit committee and increasing penalties against those who commit fraud or impede an investigation of fraud. California passed the Nonprofit Integrity Act in 2004. This Act addresses financial reporting, corporate governance, compensation, independence and fund raising (Silk and Fei 2005). New Hampshire requires audited financial statements for nonprofits with revenues greater than one million. Massachusetts, Connecticut and Kansas have similar requirements (Anderson and Kelley 2006). Second, unethical behavior seems as common in the nonprofit organizations as it does in the private sector. Recent scandals in nonprofit organizations such as: The NYSE, Upsala College, United Way and Education Research Foundation, have had a negative effect on the public trust in their charitable organizations (Gibelman 1997). For nonprofits trust from the public is vital because the majority of their funds come from donors. SOX could result in more positive responses from donors, investors and future board members (Orlikoff and Totten 2004). Finally, some provisions of SOX already apply to nonprofits. Nonprofits must establish whistleblower protection and document destruction policies. Other provisions are inevitable, because of the large amount of grants nonprofits receive which come with the own regulations and restrictions (BoardSource 2003). The purpose of this paper is to provide a reasonable understanding of how nonprofits have been affected by SOX. SOX regulations for nonprofits SOX requires that companies have an audit committee that includes independent members and members of the board. SOX also requires the company to disclosure whether one of the internal auditor is a financial expert and whether they are directly responsible for overseeing the external auditors. This is to ensure that the financial statements are understand, that there is proper communication with the external auditors and that there is an understanding of internal controls. In order to enhance standards for nonprofit accountability and financial reporting all nonprofits should have an independent audit committee (BoardSource 2003). Sox requires that nonprofits disclose whether a code of ethics has been adopted for senior financial officers. If they do not have a code of ethics reasons for not having one have to be disclosed. This is to encourage the development of a code of ethics in order to enhance trustworthiness to contributors and other constituents. The whistleblower protection policy applies to nonprofits as well as for profit organizations. This regulation protects whistleblowers from special damages and attorneyÃ¢â¬â¢s fees. It also, prohibits the employer from punishing the whistleblower in any manner. SOX provides additional protection for whistleblowers by, instating criminal penalties for actions taken against whistleblowers. Nonprofits should develop confidential and anonymous procedures for handling employee complaints. Although the CEO and CFO do not need to sign financial statements they do need to understand them and ensure that they are fairly presented in all materially respects. The responsibility for approving the financial statements ultimately belongs to the board of directors. Section 404 of SOX requires companies to include an internal controls report along with their annual report. Their internal control report should state the responsibility of management to establish and maintain an internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting. It should also contain, an assessment at the end of the most recent fiscal year as to the effectiveness of internal controls and the procedures for financial reporting (OÃ¢â¬â¢Hare 2002; BoardSource 2003; Walters 2003; Tran 2005). SOX requires auditors of public companies to prepare and maintain audit workpapers and other information related to any report in sufficient detail to support the auditors conclusions, for a period not less than seven years. Failing to do so is a criminal offence subject to fines and up to ten years in prison. Existing standards for audits of nonprofits do not include a mandated audit documentation retention period. Instead, those standards require nonprofits and auditors to retain records long enough to sastify any pertinent legal requirements of record retention. Reasons for nonprofits to adopt SOX Larger organizations with more resources will be more likely to adopt SOX. The public and media are more likely to be harsher on larger nonprofits, which makes them more likely to have stronger governance mechanisms. The board of directors have the ultimate responsibility of overseeing proper financial statement presentation (BoardSource 2003; Walters 2003). Research on the relationship between board size and firm value has had mixed results. Yermack (1996) provides evidence that smaller boards are associated with a higher firm value. In 2008, Coles find that are diversified among industries or have high leverage, are more likely to benefit from a larger board of directors. Corporate governance characteristics, have been shown to be related to the size of the board. Bradbury (1990) finds board size and intercompany ownership to be determinants of voluntary audit committees in public companies. In another study shows that larger boards are more likely to create audit committee boards (Beasley, Salterio, 2001). In a NASDAQ over the counter study done by Pincus (1989), he found that managerial ownership, leverage, size of the company, proportion of outside directors to total directors, use of Big 8 auditors and participation in the National Market System are related to voluntary formation of audit committees. As a result as the size of the board of directors of a nonprofit increases, so does the likely hood that they will voluntarily adopt SOX. Nonprofits with independent boards of directors are also more likely to adopt SOX. The main reasons nonprofits would voluntarily adopt SOX would be to increase the trust in the public in order to receive more funds. However some nonprofits, feel that the provisions in SOX burden the nonprofits so much that it is beneficial not to adopt SOX. These nonprofits strongly believe that SOX should not be required for nonprofits for the following reasons: Ã¢â¬ ¢ One, nonprofits are grassroots organizations with small staffs and have boards filled with community- minded people with little or no business and management background. If SOX was required out of these nonprofits, the staff would be overwhelmed, along with the board and it would take away from the nonprofits primary mission. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Two, nonprofits are already held to higher standards by the public then private or government agencies because, if the public doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t trust the organization they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t donate their money. Also, nonprofits receive a large portion of their funds from government grants which are held to strict oversight and laws and regulations. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Three, certain regulations of SOX will increase overhead costs and make the nonprofits look less efficient to contributors. On the other hand, by voluntarily adopting SOX, nonprofits are showing to the public that they are concerned about protecting funds, increasing operating efficiency and effectiveness, also enhancing accountability. Conclusion Research file memorandum Communication memorandum References Anderson, S. , and C. L. Kelley. 2006. Advising nonprofit organizations. The CPA Journal 76 (8): 20-26. Beasley, M. S. , and S. E. Salterio. 2001. The relationship between board characteristics and voluntary improvements in audit committee composition and experience. Contemporary Accounting Research 18 (Winter): 539-570. BoardSource. 2003. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and implications for nonprofit organizations. Available at: http://www. boardsource. org/clintfiles/Sarbarnes-Oxley. pdf. Bradbury, M. E. 1990. The incentives for voluntary audit committee formation. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy 9 (1): 19-36. Broude, P. D. 2006. The impact of Sarbanes-Oxley on private nonprofit companies. Foley and Lardner, LLP. Available at: http://www. foley. com/publications/pub_detail. aspx? puibid=3511. Coles, J. L. , D. D. Naveen, and L. Naveen. 2008. Boards: Does one size fit all? Journal of Financial Economics 87 (2): 329-356 DÃ¢â¬â¢Aquila, J. M. 2004. Tallying the cost of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The CPA Journal 74 (11): 6-9. Gibelman, M. , S. Gelman, and D. Pollack. 1997. The credibility of nonprofit boards: A view from the 1990s and beyond. Administration in Social Work 21 (2): 21-39. Grant Thornton LLP. 2006. Grant Thornton National Board governance survey for not-for-profit organizations. Available at: http://www. granthornton. com/staticfiles/GTCom/files/Industries/NotForProfit/nfp_board1. pdf. GuideStar. 2005. Nonprofits, Sarbanes-Oxley, and the states. Available at: http://www. guidestar. org/DisplayArticle. do? articleId=779. Hempel, J. , and A. Borrus. 2004. Now the nonprofits need cleaning up; Cozy boardrooms at colleges and charities face increasing government scrutiny. BusinessWeek (June 21): 107. Hymowitz, C. 2005. The Sarbanes-Oxley era, running a nonprofit is only getting harder. Wall Street Journal (June 21): B1. OÃ¢â¬â¢Hare, P. 2002. Sarbanes-Oxley raises red flag for not-for-profits. Healthcare Financial Management 56 (10): 42-44. OÃ¢â¬â¢Regan, K. , and S. M. Oster. 2005. Does the structure and composition of the board matter? The case of nonprofit organizations. Journal of Law Economics and Organization 21 (1): 205-227. Orlikoff, J. , and M. Totten. 2004. Applying for-profit governance reforms. Healthcare Executive 19 (3): 52. Panel in the Nonprofit Sector. 2005. Strengthening transparency, governance and accountability of charitable organizations. Available at: How to cite Sox Research Paper, Essays
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Mitosis Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual rMitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.eproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reprodMitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.uction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.meosis which is a process of sexual Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosi s which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of s exual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.Mitosis is the process of asexual reproduction. Humans use meosis which is a process of sexual reproduction.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Confederation essays On July 1, 1867, celebrations occurred nationwide as confederation passed and Canada became an independent country. With the uniting of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Dominion of Canada was created. Obtaining the right to confederation was a long and difficult process. In September 1864, Canadians proposed the idea of a Canadian Confederation at the Charlettown conference (Waite). Two years later in December 1866, delegates from Canada attended another conference in London, England, in order to further discuss these plans. This historical meeting was chaired by Sir John A. Macdonald, and the future Fathers of Confederation all attended. Queen Victoria approved the British North America act On March 29, 1867, and it was put into place on July 1, 1867 (Canada and the making). Confederation is the most significant event that has ever occurred in Canada. It not only created a unique and stable country, but also established a federal form of government, while at the s ame time protecting the heritage of our French Canadian citizens. Canadas birth was different from the birth of any other nation. Its creation was not achieved through war or revolution. It was not a popular uprising of people. Nor was it a call for independence by Great Britain (Waite). It was merely a group of people with a dream for a promising country who obtained this through a process of negotiation. Confederation allowed Canada to become an independent country that would be strong economically. At that time, Canadians feared the United States idea for Manifest Density, by which they hoped to take over all of North America. Confederation stopped this in its tracks (Bain et al. 2). As well, the cancellation of the free trade agreement with all of North America due to the establishment of Confederation raised Canadas economic status. By uniting the provinces the completion of the Canadian railway was enabled. This incr...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Ice and the Density of Water Why does ice float on top of water rather than sink, like most solids? There are two parts to the answer to this question. First, lets take a look at why anything floats. Then, lets examine why ice floats on top of liquid water, instead of sinking to the bottom. Why Ice Floats A substance floats if it is less dense, or has less mass per unit volume, than other components in a mixture. For example, if you toss a handful of rocks into a bucket of water, the rocks, which are dense compared to the water, will sink. The water, which is less dense than the rocks, will float. Basically, the rocks push the water out of the way or displace it. For an object to be able to float, it has to displace a weight of fluid equal to its own weight. Water reaches its maximum density at 4 C (40 F). As it cools further and freezes into ice, it actually becomes less dense. On the other hand, most substances are most dense in their solid (frozen) state than in their liquid state. Water is different because of hydrogen bonding. AÃ water molecule is made from one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms strongly joined to each other with covalent bonds. Water molecules are also attracted to each other by weaker chemical bonds (hydrogen bonds) between the positively-charged hydrogen atoms and the negatively charged oxygen atoms of neighboring water molecules. As the water cools below 4Ã C, the hydrogen bonds adjust to hold the negatively charged oxygen atoms apart. This produces a crystal lattice, which is commonly known as ice. Ice floats because it is about 9% less dense than liquid water. In other words, ice takes up about 9% more space than water, so a liter of ice weighs less than liter water. The heavier water displaces the lighter ice, so ice floats to the top. One consequence of this is that lakes and rivers freeze from top to bottom, allowing fish to survive even when the surface of a lake has frozen over. If ice sank, the water would be displaced to the top and exposed to the colder temperature, forcing rivers and lakes to fill with ice and freeze solid. Heavy Water Ice Sinks However, not all water ice floats on regular water. Ice made using heavy water, which contains the hydrogen isotope deuterium, sinks in regular water. Hydrogen bonding still occurs, but its not enough to offset the mass difference between normal and heavy water. Heavy water ice sinks in heavy water.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
The creation of Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) - Essay Example The commission ought to carry out educational campaigns across the various departments of the firm on the importance of safety practices.1 The members of the safety commission have to research continuously on safety measures and emerging health issues. The committee has to cooperate with a companys customers in order to obtain and act on complaints raised by consumers concerning the firms products. In order to do this, the commission tests the products on a random sample basis, analyze the results, and make inferences and deductions on the appropriateness of the product. Further, the commission develops alternatives and solutions in order to achieve consumer protection. The Consumer Product Safety Commission must develop a mission statement to give the commission a sense of direction. The commission draws and properly labels the groups organizational chart and clearly defines every members duties and responsibilities. The composition of the safety committee should have a representative from each department in the organization2. The board appoints a chairperson who will be responsible for presiding over meetings. The appointment of the secretary and vice-chair is similar to that of the chairperson. The chairperson as the head of the committee will discharge duties such as formulating the agendas of the meetings, to oversee orderly meetings, make follow-ups on recommendations and to link management to the commission3. The vice-chair will assume leadership in instances where the chairperson is absent during meetings. The secretary of the commission takes minutes of every meeting convened and disseminates information to every member appropriately4. The commission shall agree on the frequency of meetings whether quarterly, monthly or weekly as circumstances will deem it fit. The safety commission should draft a policy that will guide it in proper selection and recruitment of members.